The era of modern India is considered to be started with the arrival of Vasco da Gama in 1498AD. Landing of the Cape of Good Hope at Calicut was the beginning of the western influence over the Entire India. Well, it was started quite gradually from Goa. Goa was the first place in India, which had a colony of western people, as the Portuguese established a residential colony over here by the 16th century. This establishment was marked as the starting of the European Era in the history of India.
By the end of next century, the Indian sub continental was visited by a huge number of travelers of Europe. Dutch, English, French and Italian travelers were the major visitors that travelled to India, in that period. Establishment of East India Company, on 31st December 1600 AD, was the revolutionary step as far as European influence over India is a concern.
Reasons behind British arrival and establishment: There were 4 major factors that led European people to establish in India. Firstly the huge and rich market of food-ingredients; secondly greatest fertilizing capacity of Indian soil; third in was very hard working population of India and lastly, the biggest reason of European establishment in India was open hearted culture of India. Indian people were very caring about the visitors, as a guest is still entertained like the God, in this country. Due to this character of Indian Culture, European didn’t found any difficulties in the establishment of their business over here.
In the beginning, European (British) came to India as businessmen, but India was governed by the Moguls at time and before their arrival there were various small states in India, which were governed by local royal families, as well. In that time, Indian Population was used to of being governed by an individual or a royal family. This tendency of Indian Population encouraged British to be more than just a business company, i.e. a governing unit, which would rule over the entire India.
Development of British Government: due to above reasons, British company- East India Company slowly and steadily started to have a control over the Indian Government. They follow several cheap strategies to destroy the local royal families, as well as, Mogul Government. By the first half of 19th century, East India Company was all over the Indian Sub continental. During that period of time, several small battles was fight between Englishmen and small royal families and their alliances to get the rid of spanning government of East India Company, but they failed to do that.
Protest Against British Company: the biggest revolutionary battle was fought against British company in the year 1857, by the greatest alliance of all time in the history of India, which included several rulers of small states of India. Unfortunately, the first ever revolution in the history of Dependent India was a failure. Nevertheless, in following decades, British company faced lots of small revolutionary movements. Mahatma Gandhi (1869 to 1948) was the legendary revolutionist, who led Indian people in several revolutionary movements. In the end, India succeeded to get the independence from the British company in the year 1947 dated 15th of August, by the virtue of non-violent movements, which were led by Mohan Das Karam Chand Gandhi.
After Independence: Indian Independence was followed by the partition of Pakistan and Bangladesh from India. Jawahar Lal Nehru was crowned to be the first ever Prime-minister of Independent India, and along with him, Dr. Rajendra Prasad was became the first president of India. On the 26th January of 1950, Indian constitution was applied all over the nation, and then onwards the day is celebrated as Republic Day in India. After the independence, India started its journey to become a developed nation, slowly and steadily.
India these days: now after 69 years of independence, India managed to be in the list of world’s leading developing countries. The vision of becoming the well developed and prosperous country is still on the cards, but the growth of India in all sectors is appreciable. India is still developing as a nation in all sectors such as residential, commercial, industrial, power, space and many more. Despite several national and local problems, India is going well as a developing nation and it would be among the well developed countries of the world in the upcoming 2 or 3 decades.